Latin Phrases That May Come in Handy
Ignotum Per Ignotius
The phrase "ignotum per ignotius" ("the unknown by the more unknown") refers to an unhelpful explanation that is just as confusing as that which it is attempting to explain.
Imperium In Imperio
Meaning "an empire within an empire," the Latin phrase "imperium in imperio" can be used literally to refer to a self-governing state confined within a larger one.
Ad astra per aspera
One of the most popular Latin phrases, meaning, "Through adversity to the stars," this utterance is generally used to describe the perseverance resulting in a favourable outcome.
Perfect Tenses in the Latin Language
Latin (Past) Perfect Tense
Generally simply called the perfect tense, this tense refers to an action that has been completed. Either a simple past tense ending (e.g., "-ed") or the auxiliary verb "have" conveys the perfect tense. Ex.: I walked - ambulavi. You may also translate it: "I have walked."
Latin Pluperfect Tense
A verb is in the pluperfect tense if it was completed prior to another. Usually the auxiliary verb "had" signifies a pluperfect verb. Ex.: I had walked - ambulaveram.
Latin Future Perfect Tense
Future perfect is used to convey an action that will have been completed prior to something else. "Will, have" are the customary auxiliary verbs. Ex.: I will have walked - ambulavero.